Energy TermsRSS

Energy Terms

The load that a power generation unit or other electrical apparatus or heating unit is rated by the manufacture to be able to meet or supply.

The refrigerating effect in Btu/h produced by the difference in total enthalpy between a refrigerant liquid leaving the unit and the total enthalpy of the refrigerant vapor entering it. Generally measured in tons or Btu/h.

The maximum load that a motor is capable of supplying.

The amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of a given mass of a substance by one degree Celsius. The heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1 degree Celsius is 4186 Joules.

The ratio of the average load on (or power output of) a generating unit or system to the capacity rating of the unit or system over a specified period of time.

The amount of money needed to purchase equipment, buildings, tools, and other manufactured goods that can be used in production.

A colorless, odorless noncombustible gas with the formula CO2 that is present in the atmosphere. It is formed by the combustion of carbon and carbon compounds (such as fossil fuels and biomass), by respiration, which is a slow combustion in animals and pl ...

A colorless, odorless but poisonous combustible gas with the formula CO. Carbon monoxide is produced in the incomplete combustion of carbon and carbon compounds such as fossil fuels (i.e. coal, petroleum) and their products (e.g. liquefied petroleum gas, ...

A cell produces electric energy by the galvanic oxidation of carbon; commonly used in household appliances.

An ideal heat engine (conceived by Sadi Carnot) in which the sequence of operations forming the working cycle consists of isothermal expansion, adiabatic expansion, isothermal compression, and adiabatic compression back to its initial state.

An air pollution control device that removes organic contaminants by oxidizing them into carbon dioxide and water through a chemical reaction using a catalysis, which is a substance that increases (or decreases) the rate of a chemical reaction without bei ...

A type of ceiling and roof assembly that has no attic.

The negative pole or electrode of an electrolytic cell, vacuum tube, etc., where electrons enter (current leaves) the system; the opposite of an anode.

An electromagnetic ballast that disconnects a lamp's electrode heating circuit once is has started; often called "low frequency electronic" ballasts.

A method of preventing oxidation of the exposed metal in structures by imposing between the structure and the ground a small electrical voltage.

A material used to seal areas of potential air leakage into or out of a building envelope.

The downward facing structural element that is directly opposite the floor.

A mechanical device used for air circulation and to provide cooling.

A component of a electrochemical battery. A 'primary' cell consists of two dissimilar elements, known as 'electrodes,' immersed in a liquid or paste known as the 'electrolyte.' A direct current of 1-1.5 volts will be produced by this cell. A 'secondary' c ...

An enzyme complex, produced by fungi and bacteria, capable of decomposing cellulose into small fragments, primarily glucose.